11 Different Types of Spruce Trees

Spruce trees are a team of evergreen and deciduous coniferous trees from the Pinaceae loved ones. Most spruces can easily be identified by their compact, narrow crown and drooping branchlets. These species expand in a selection of climates including coastal places, large altitudes, and boreal forests.

Many varieties of spruce trees serve as decorative plantings in urban parks and gardens, even though other individuals give wooden for design beams, fences, or furnishings creating.

The 11 Different Types of Spruce Trees

1. Sitka Spruce

11 Different Types of Spruce Trees
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The Sitka spruce is indigenous to North America’s West Coast in which it can be found on mountainsides throughout Alaska down to Oregon. Also acknowledged as “the queen of the forest,” this tree can grow up to two hundred feet tall and has a trunk diameter of up to 8 ft. The Sitka spruce is an important timber tree and is employed for creating lumber, plywood, poles, masts, and other development applications.

2. White Spruce

11 Different Types of Spruce Trees
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The white spruce is a common North American species that grows from Newfoundland and Labrador west to British Columbia and as considerably south as Minnesota and West Virginia. This tree typically reaches heights of fifty-70 toes with a trunk diameter of up to two feet. The wood from the white spruce is used in the manufacture of boxes, crates, pallets, and other shipping containers.

3. Black Spruce

11 Different Types of Spruce Trees
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The black spruce is a popular North American species that are indigenous to the boreal forest regions of Canada and the Northern United States. This tree typically grows to heights of 30-50 feet and has a trunk diameter of up to 1 foot. The wooden from the black spruce is used in the manufacture of pulp, paper, and other wooden goods.

4. Engelmann Spruce

11 Different Types of Spruce Trees
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The Engelmann spruce is a prevalent North American species that is native to the Rocky Mountains and adjacent ranges from Alberta to New Mexico. This tree normally grows to heights of 60-eighty toes and has a trunk diameter of up to 2 feet. The wood from the Engelmann spruce is employed for programs such as development beams, fence posts, and household furniture making.

5. Red Spruce

The crimson spruce is indigenous to Northeastern North America from Southern Quebec and Newfoundland and is discovered as far south as Northern Pennsylvania and as much west as Minnesota. This tree generally grows at heights of 70-ninety feet with a trunk diameter of up to 3 ft. The wood from the crimson spruce is utilised in general design applications this sort of as flooring, roofing, beams, posts, veneer plywood, and pulp.

6. Black Hills Spruce

The Black Hills spruce tree is 1 hardy tree that can run through most climates and survive most soils conditions. This can make it ready to easily adapt to severe conditions. Nonetheless, it does need to have h2o to increase appropriately and requirements effectively-drained soil. The needles are about one inch prolonged which are darkish environmentally friendly or blue-eco-friendly. When they’re younger the branches are white/gray that gets brown as the wintertime techniques.

7. Norway Spruce

11 Different Types of Spruce Trees
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These sorts of spruces are the most popular to be utilised as Xmas trees since they maintain their needles very well during December and can be retained indoors for weeks with small treatment. The needle duration operates short at 1 inch, but you’ll notice that they’re sharp and rigid. They also feature big cones which tends to make them simple to spot among other spruce types. This evergreen can adapt nicely to numerous soil problems (apart from for moist soils), even acidic kinds (pH 4-six). It’s also great for colder climates given that it can withstand harsh winter weather very effortlessly due to its nature of developing in chilly local weather places like Northern Europe.

8. Blue Colorado Spruce

11 Different Types of Spruce Trees
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The blue Colorado spruces are dark evergreens which helps make them easy to place between other kinds of spruces. They have bluish-environmentally friendly needles that are about a single to two inches long and their cones are also blue. When you look at this kind of spruce carefully, the bark easily flakes off which is distinct from most other kinds of spruce trees that have thicker bark.

It prefers properly-drained soils that are rich in organic and natural matters but can adapt to inadequate high quality soils as well with correct care. Despite the fact that it’s excellent for colder climates, it prefers to stay in moist regions —this would be owing to its want for plenty of water. This type of spruce is frequently utilized as Christmas trees due to the fact they hold their needles properly.

9. Serbian Spruce

This variety of spruce is discovered in Europe and Asia Minimal and has bluish-green needles that are two-4 inches lengthy. They need effectively-drained soils to expand effectively and will not do well in areas with a good deal of dampness. This sort of spruce is typically utilized for landscaping needs and tends to make a excellent addition to any backyard.

10. Douglas Fir

11 Different Types of Spruce Trees
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Despite getting the phrase “fir” in its name, this tree is truly portion of the spruce family. The Douglas fir is native to a lot of Western North The usa and has been extensively planted all through the location as an important commercial timber species. This tree normally grows at heights of 80-200 feet tall with a trunk diameter of up to 5 feet. The wood from the Douglas fir is employed in common design applications this kind of as beams, flooring, posts, poles, studs, structural panels this sort of as oriented strand board (OSB), plywood, and medium-density fiberboard (MDF).

11. Eastern Larch

11 Different Types of Spruce Trees
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The japanese larch is indigenous to Japanese North America and can be identified from Newfoundland to as far south as Pennsylvania and as significantly west as Minnesota. This tree typically grows at heights of fifty-80 feet tall with a trunk diameter of up to two ft. The wood from the Japanese larch is used for construction timbers, tough lumber, pulpwood, and firewood.

How Can You Tell What Kind of Spruce Tree You Have?

There are numerous different sorts of spruce trees. These 4 strategies will aid you mount an expedition to find out which type your tree is.

1. The Needles

Spruce tree needles are very sharp and have a flat, spherical base. If you minimize throughout the needle lengthwise, it will show up to have two halves that look comparable to a cross-section of a cone. However, they can be a bit a lot more challenging to distinguish from pine trees due to the fact there is only a small distinction in the color amongst spruce needles and pine needles (spruce needles are inexperienced whilst pine needles are usually brown). Spruce trees also are likely to be much scaled-down than other sorts of evergreen trees like cedar or fir.

2. Resin Blisters On Bark

If you get some time hunting at the bark of spruce trees, you may notice little resin blisters below and there together its trunk (the blisters are normally about the dimension of a modest pea). They could show up white at initial, but if you go away them exposed to sunlight for numerous times they will flip darker in colour (generally brown or black). An simpler way to inform if it is a spruce tree is by seeking at the prime of the trunk. If no branches are growing out of the best 50 percent of the tree’s circumference, it is most probably a spruce tree.

11 Different Types of Spruce Trees
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3. Bark Texture and Thickness

Spruce trees have bark that tends to be quite slim with ridges managing alongside with it lengthwise that will appear rather elevated from the bordering bark. The peak of these ridges can selection from an inch two tall to more than 6 inches tall. If you are not able to feel the bark with your hand, seem at it closely with a magnifying glass rather.

4. The Cones

Spruce trees produce cone-formed seeds that can selection in shade from crimson to eco-friendly dependent on the species of the spruce tree that they belong to (purple spruce cones are vibrant purple although Engelmann spruce cones are dim inexperienced). These seeds or pinecones normally look extremely prickly owing to rigid bristles sticking out of them. When these bristles fall off, they leave guiding holes in the cone scales which presents it more of an hourglass form than circular like other types of pinecones.

11 Different Types of Spruce Trees
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What Is the Difference Between Spruce and Pine Trees?

Pine trees and spruce trees are two kinds of evergreen trees. They are both conifers, which means they have cones and needles. Even so, there are some key variances between these two varieties of trees.

The most evident big difference is that pine trees have long needles, whilst spruce trees have limited needles. Pine needles generally grow in clusters of three, while spruce needles develop in pairs.

Yet another distinction is the form of the tree. Pine trees are inclined to be taller and a lot more slender than spruce trees. Spruce trees are inclined to be shorter and broader.

Pine trees are also far more common than spruce trees. There are in excess of 100 diverse species of pine tree, while there are only about thirty different species of spruce trees.

Associated Read through: 10 Diverse Types of Deciduous Trees (With Pictures)


Now that you know all about the distinct kinds of spruce trees, it’s time to select the perfect one particular for your requirements. Each and every kind has its own exclusive qualities, so be certain to pick the appropriate 1 for your landscape.

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