11 Types of Birch Trees (with Pictures)

Birch trees are quite distinguished. Their white coloration sets them apart from most other varieties of trees. However, it is a lot much more challenging to inform diverse birch trees apart. In reality, most folks aren’t even conscious that there are various birch trees.

Nevertheless, there are fairly a few subspecies of birch trees, although some are much much more frequent than other people. Most of these trees desire wetter soil and are largely found in the temperate zones of the Northern Hemisphere. Typically, these trees have a papery bark, distinguishing them from other tree species.

Their distinctive bark and beautiful leaves frequently result in them to be used in landscaping. Plus, their adore of moist soil allows them to expand exactly where other trees would fall more than.

Under, we’ll seem at the 11 most common types of birch trees out there.

The 11 Types of Birch Trees

1. Bog Birch Tree

11 Types of Birch Trees (with Pictures)
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Although this species is technically a birch tree, it looks more like a shrub than a tree. It only grows to five to 10 toes. These trees really do not stay really lengthy, either, but they do tolerate occasional flooding and all various varieties of soil, making them a suited alternative to expand in which other plants merely will not. If you have a wet yard or an spot that inclines to keep drinking water, these trees could be a single of your few choices.

They are also identified as the “swamp birch”, mainly simply because of their widespread progress location.

They do need to have complete sunlight to increase, although, so they aren’t a great selection for wooded places. They need a extensive-open up area to develop appropriately.

2. Yellow Birch Tree

11 Types of Birch Trees (with Pictures)
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The Yellow Birch is named following the colour of its bark. Nevertheless, the bark actually isn’t that yellow. Instead, it will take on a darker, silver coloration. Unusually, the tree is also acknowledged as the Golden Birch – when yet again for its not-so-yellow bark.

This tree is fairly lengthy-lived and may possibly expand for up to three hundred many years, although the lifespan is nearer to 150 several years. They commonly make up aged-development forests thanks to their longer lifespan. They are an vital species for the North American lumber sector and engage in a important function in ecology, as they are a considerable food supply for birds and other types of wildlife.

They are solitary-stemmed trees with bark that peels in narrow, horizontal strips. Normally, their diverse coloration is the easiest way to identify them.

3. Water Birch Tree

11 Types of Birch Trees (with Pictures)
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This birch species has a exclusive golden-brown bark that distinguishes it from its other birch cousins. Furthermore, their bark also does not peel like other birch trees. They are typically discovered along streams and other damp places in the mountains.

These trees are a common source of foods and lodge wood for the North American beaver. In addition, it also performs a essential function for other fowl and woodland species.

They normally increase up to forty toes as a tree, although they exist in shrub type as nicely, which only grows up to twenty five feet. They prefer complete sunshine, even though they can also grow in partial shade.

4. Cherry Birch Tree

11 Types of Birch Trees (with Pictures)
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The Cherry Birch is a relatively large tree that grows as a one, huge trunk. It has attractive, yellow foliage that helps make it a widespread choice for lawns and other planted locations. The bark is a purple-brown coloration, which sets it apart from other birch trees as effectively. When the tree matures, the bark types cracks that search like scaly plates – like the bark on a cherry tree.

This tree bouquets in April and Could, creating fruit in August via October. Individuals do not normally consume these fruits. However, they are a nutritional foods for deer, rabbits, and birds. They are also identified to entice heaps of butterflies. In addition, they are resilient to the bronze birch borer, which tends to decimate other birch species.

Damaged twigs are very fragrant and smell like wintergreen. The sap is an essential element in birch beer.

For all these factors, they are a common birch tree for gardening and cultivation.

5. Dwarf Birch Tree

11 Types of Birch Trees (with Pictures)
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As the title suggests, this tree is relatively small. It can develop to as little as 6 inches, generating it 1 of the scaled-down trees on this list. They are native to colder locations, where all vegetation tend to be a little bit smaller. They can be identified in great temperate places but are also considerably typical in tundra places.

They are hardy trees that can expand in a variety of conditions. Nonetheless, they choose nicely-drained locations that are a little bit rocky. They can increase in soils that other trees can't. Nevertheless, they do not bear shade and demand total sun.

Whilst this tree is not normally cultivated (except if you dwell in an spot in which nothing at all else will develop), it is an important supply of cover for smaller animals that stay in colder locations.

Surprisingly, this tree is also known as lavatory birch, although it is a different species from the bathroom birch we mentioned previously.

6. Silver Birch Tree

11 Types of Birch Trees (with Pictures)
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When most individuals believe of cultivated birch trees, they probably feel of the silver birch. his tree has distinctive white bark that peels in papery strips, which most men and women picture when speaking about birch trees.

After on a time, these trees have been extremely widespread in landscaping, in which they had been created into many different kinds. Even so, they have turn out to be extremely susceptible to the bronze birch borer, which tends to eliminate them very quickly. Consequently, numerous growers are relocating in direction of other birch trees that can endure this pest a little bit less difficult.

7. Weeping Birch Tree

11 Types of Birch Trees (with Pictures)
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There is truly no such thing as a weeping birch. Nonetheless, you are going to usually locate trees labeled as these kinds of at greenhouses and nurseries. As an alternative of being its personal species, this tree is in fact a variant of the silver birch, which individuals bred for aesthetic reasons. There are many distinct sorts of weeping birch trees, as different kinds have been bred in diverse locations.

You typically do not find these trees in the wild, as they had been created in captivity. Of system, if a single tree finds alone in a forgotten backyard garden and reproduces, you may discover these trees in some unusual locations.

8. River Birch Tree

11 Types of Birch Trees (with Pictures)
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This rapidly-expanding sapling is very common for landscaping given that it does expand really speedily. It can reach everywhere from forty to 70 ft when completely developed and reaches this height reasonably early. It can develop as a solitary trunk tree or a multi-shaft tree, based on the variety and environment the tree grows in.

This tree has a reddish-brown to pink bark that is very exclusive. The outer bark often comes off to reveal the lighter bark underneath, producing it an fascinating tree to search at year-round. The deep inexperienced leaves change to a light yellow coloration in the tumble.

This tree is very unaffected by the bronze birch borer, so it is typically used as an substitute to the silver birch, which we reviewed before. Additionally, this tree is also the only heat-tolerant Birch, allowing it to be utilized in warmer areas.

9. Himalayan Birch Tree

There are many causes why someone could choose to plant the Himalayan Birch. To begin with, it has really pretty spring flowers and a abundant yellow drop coloration. The bark is a bright white, just like you would anticipate from a birch tree.

Typically, it is deemed medium-sized and can increase from thirty to 50 toes. It grows fairly quickly and develops into a pyramid form.

Even so, this species is very prone to the bronze birch borer, so it is gradually becoming phased out. It generally does not survive this pest, requiring removal to avoid other trees from currently being contaminated.

Even though they can dwell in warmer climates, they are hardier and more time-lived the much more north they are planted.

10. Paper Bark Birch Tree

As the identify indicates, this tree has a white bark that peels prolifically in lengthy sheets, related to a piece of paper. In the tumble, they have a beautiful yellow coloration, which is why they are generally planted. They can develop with possibly a solitary, prolonged trunk or a tiny clump of many various trunks.

The Indigenous Americans historically employed this tree to make valuable merchandise, like their canoes and even footwear. For this cause, this tree is also referred to as the canoe birch.

On prime of getting helpful to people, this Birch is also a vital source of food for various various birds and other animals. Their buds, catkins, and leaves are all a source of foodstuff, such as their bark, on celebration.

This tree is acknowledged as currently being impervious to the bronze birch borer, which is why it is turning out to be more well-liked.

11. Japanese White Birch Tree

As you may possibly anticipate, this tree is indigenous to Japan and a number of other Asian countries. It is a larger birch tree that can increase up to fifty toes tall. This tree grows very best in effectively-drained soil that is both sandy or rocky. It tends to expand in minimal-good quality soil properly, creating it a great decision for areas that other trees will not expand in.

This tree prefers to be in complete sunshine. Even so, it at times can prosper in afternoon shade. The most important prerequisite is consistently moist soil, so it does well in rainier places. It also prefers a cooler weather, as hotter zones make the tree susceptible to birch borers.

Conclusion: Birch Tree Types

Birch trees are a fantastic option for cooler climates, especially in locations that are notably wet. Many birch trees do best in colder areas, as they are more inclined to birch borer bugs in warmer zones. Most birch species are also suited for wetter areas. There are also some that are in a position to increase in soil that is way too very poor for other species.

There are about eleven birch trees that are broadly obtainable for cultivation nowadays. Numerous of the trees you are going to discover at nurseries are weeping birches, which arrive in several kinds. Nevertheless, species that are less prone to the birch borers are getting to be a lot more well-liked as effectively.

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