14 Different Types of Fir Trees

Fir trees are one particular of the most common kinds of trees worldwide. They are identified largely for making spectacular Xmas trees, but they can be so considerably a lot more diverse than that. Fir trees make excellent trees since they are reasonably effortless to treatment for and can expand nearly everywhere.

If you like the appear of classic Christmas trees or feel that your landscaping could use a improve from the addition of easy-to-handle evergreen trees, firs can make a excellent addition to any property or residence. There are a lot of distinct kinds of fir trees and this record will go over the most common species as properly as all of the species that grow greatest in North The usa.

The 8 American Types of Fir Trees

1. Balsam Fir

14 Different Types of Fir Trees
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Balsam firs are legendary North American trees that grow in higher densities in Jap Canada and the Northeastern United States. They get pleasure from amazing temperatures that regular only 40 levels F 12 months-spherical. Balsams fall legendary cones and are a single of the most effortlessly recognizable trees in the United States thanks to their prominent use as Xmas trees.

Fortunately, the Balsams used for Xmas are usually grown on specific Canadian farms focused solely to making trees for the holidays. That way they do not contribute to deforestation.

2. California Red Fir

14 Different Types of Fir Trees
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The California red fir is a species native to the Western United States. It grows natively at large elevations and derives its identify from the reddish color of the bark from mature trees. It is most common in Northern California and in the mountains of Oregon. These trees are most typically noticed on higher slopes and live in a extended slim variety that stretches up the backbone of the west coast.

Purple firs are massive and they can achieve up to two hundred toes in height and six feet in diameter. The trees produced such an perception on early botanists that they gave it the Latin name abies magnifica, that means wonderful fir.

3. Fraser Fir

14 Different Types of Fir Trees
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The Fraser fir is intently associated to the Balsam fir and at first glance, the two are virtually indistinguishable. The Fraser fir is native to the southern Appalachian Mountains in the southeast of the United States. Comparatively, the Fraser fir is a modest species. It only grows up to 50 ft and has a trunk diameter of just sixteen inches. A lot of firs grow effectively over 100 ft tall making the Fraser fir a single of the shortest species of fir in the United States.

Regrettably, the Fraser fir is endangered thanks to habitat decline and insect infestation. Its selection utilised to be considerably larger, but it continues to shrink owing to early tree death.

4. Grand Fir

14 Different Types of Fir Trees
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The grand fir was named for its amazing peak. These trees can expand in excess of 200 ft tall and are deemed one of the tallest species of fir in North The us. They stay in the Pacific Northwest, specially in the Cascade Mountains where the wet climate contributes to their impressive stature.

Most fir trees have wooden that is also soft for common use but the grand fir is typically logged. The girth of these trees offers their wooden toughness and a fine grain that is fascinating for a selection of construction and craft reasons.

5. Noble Fir

The noble fir is 1 of the most prolific Christmas trees in the globe. They are chosen for their size and their symmetry. They can be found in the Cascade Mountains and in the coastal locations of Washington and Oregon. The Nationwide Xmas Tree Association estimates that up to thirty% of the new tree marketplace is created up of noble firs. That includes Xmas trees, wreaths, sprigs, and other aromatic evergreen trim.

Most Christmas trees are ideally minimize at just 8 toes tall but in their organic habitat, noble firs have no trouble achieving 200 feet or a lot more in peak.

6. Pacific Silver Fir

14 Different Types of Fir Trees
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When most individuals believe of fir trees, they do not often think of rain forests, but the Pacific silver fir only grows in temperate rain forests. Its habitat clings to the Pacific coastline stretching from Washington by means of British Columbia all the way to Alaska. Anywhere there is ample rain and great weather in that area, the Pacific silver fir thrives.

The Pacific silver fir’s distinct habitat helps make it difficult to transplant from its native range. It requires great humid summers, moderate winters, and a great deal of rain to develop efficiently. These circumstances are really only identified in the Pacific Northwest.

7.  Subalpine Fir

14 Different Types of Fir Trees
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This fir tree blankets the Rocky Mountains in large quantities. This has led it to also be known as the Rockey Mountain fir. It encounters wholesome development from New Mexico all the way as much north as the Alaskan border in northern Canada. The subalpine fir is one particular of the more compact species of fir only reaching heights of 60 toes. Its willingness to grow in large swaths of the western United States can make it a well-liked selection for parks, lawns, and other widespread purposes. If pruned properly it can even be held as small as a shrub for gardening reasons.

8. White Fir

The white fir is one of the widest-ranging species in the United States. It life as considerably north as Oregon, as considerably east as Wyoming, and as much south as the Baja Peninsula. This expansive habitat tends to make it one particular of the most frequent trees in the western United States the two in mother nature and for decorative and commercial reasons.

White firs increase much better in some locations than other individuals. The biggest specimens had been recorded in the Sierra Nevada mountains with heights more than 220 ft and trunk diameters more than 10 ft. Other white firs only achieve one hundred feet tall and 4 feet in diameter dependent on the specific local climate.

The Other Notable Types of Fir Trees

9. Caucasian Fir

14 Different Types of Fir Trees
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This species is named for the distinguished mountain range that it inhabits. The Caucasian fir has a huge range that spans from Turkey up through the mountains of Western Russia. The Caucasian fir is the tallest tree discovered wherever in continental Europe with some distinct trees achieving over 250 feet tall.

Like other fir trees, the Caucasian fir is broadly utilized for Xmas trees. This species is 1 of the most frequently utilized trees in Europe about the vacations making it equivalent to the North American noble fir or Balsam fir in conditions of reputation.

10. Himalayan Fir

Like the mountains they are named for, the Himalayan fir is a massive and expansive tree species. It dominates the Himalayan region, growing from Afghanistan all the way into Central Nepal. They can tower up to 200 feet tall and have really thick trunks. The trunks of a mature Himalayan fir can be as vast as 8 ft.

In mother nature, these trees like to increase at elevations as large as twelve,000 ft, which marks one of the maximum tree strains in the planet. Handful of other trees can develop at such elevations, which is why this tree is excellent for the world’s tallest mountain range.

11. Korean Fir

14 Different Types of Fir Trees
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The Korean fir is a tiny, gradual-growing, fir tree from the mountains of South Korea. These trees only reach 60 toes in top at their tallest. They take several a long time to reach their experienced height sometimes only growing a foot for each calendar year. It is a versatile tree that ordeals powerful summer season rains and heavy wintertime snow in its natural habitat.

The gradual-expanding nature of this tree can make it a wonderful selection for landscaping since they are effortless to manage and management. Because its discovery, the Korean fir has spread around the world as an really well-known ornamental plant owing to its relieve of treatment.

12. Siberian Fir

Siberia is residence to some of the densest forests in the planet thanks to the large prevalence of fir trees that expand in the Russian taiga. The Siberian fir is identified for its hugely fragrant needles, softwood, and hardy mother nature. These trees very easily brave the deep Russian winters and can endure temperatures that fall well underneath zero. The shade tolerance and temperature resistance of this species make it a excellent decision for northern habitats.

13. Spanish Fir

14 Different Types of Fir Trees
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The Spanish fir is an historic species that dates back almost two million years. This is exceptional since a lot of species of trees went extinct during the Ice Age, particularly temperate trees such as the Spanish fir. It grows in southern Spain on large dry slopes. It is recognized for its odd needle patterns which gave way to the nickname the hedgehog fir. The Spanish fir is also well-known for becoming one particular of the few fir trees that are listed as endangered.

If you get the possibility to plant a Spanish fir or even come about on a single in an arboretum, know you are experiencing one thing really particular.

Not Actually a Type of Fir Tree

14. Douglas Fir

14 Different Types of Fir Trees
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A list about fir trees can't depart out the Douglas fir. The dilemma is, Douglas firs are actually not accurate fir trees. They belong to the pine family. Pine and fir are intently associated evergreens, but they are not the exact same. The distinction is essential to notice since, in spite of the identify, you are not in fact acquiring a correct fir when you purchase a Douglas fir.

The Douglas fir is even now extremely well-liked. It presents off that classic smell that reminds us all of Christmas and stays inexperienced all yr. The Douglas fir is primarily indigenous to the Pacific Northwest.

For all intents and reasons, a Douglas fir is a fir. It looks related, it has the appropriate seem and scent and they are typically mistaken for their true fir brethren. However, formally, Douglas firs are not a part of the genus abies and in order to be regarded a actual fir, a species have to belong to that genus.

Associated Study: 16 Various Kinds of Evergreen Trees (With Images)

How Many Types of Fir Trees Are There?

Fir trees make up the genus abies, which encompasses fifty six different species of fir trees. Some only develop in little areas these kinds of as the bristlecone fir whilst other people only grow at large altitudes like the Mexican sacred fir. Most firs grow in northern latitudes but distinct species can be found all over the entire world in various climates.

Firs are some of the most extensive-ranging trees on the world and they include hundreds of thousands of square miles of territory. Getting evergreen and recognizable as Xmas trees make them some of the most generally determined trees by people all in excess of the planet.


There you have it, 13 real fir trees and one misunderstood fir. All of these trees are great, grow well, and stay environmentally friendly. Selecting the appropriate species for your spot and weather is essential to successfully grow your really possess Christmas trees.

Fir trees are a great selection for a beginner or a reduced-routine maintenance landscaper. Furthermore, they do not drop several needles and won’t fill your garden with pesky leaves which is really worth a good deal in itself. Firs can make fantastic shade trees, barrier crops, or decorative pieces dependent on the scenario and are value appreciable thing to consider.

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