How Far Apart Are Ladder Rungs? Everything You Need to Know!

A ladder is a basic device made to help individuals ascend or descend from point A to B. All the diverse varieties of ladders have two or much more vertical supports, which are frequently known as the facet rails or stiles. They also have several horizontal measures that we like to contact rungs.

Your toes and hand(s) are intended to be on the rungs whilst climbing or coming down from a higher elevation. A conventional ladder will have an typical rung spacing of 12 inches and a rung width that is sixteen inches lengthy¹. That twelve-inch length between the rung has to be maintained during its duration, largely for safety reasons.

In today’s post, we’ll be digging into the rung spacing, shape, rigidity, and every thing else there is to know about ladders.

Why Are Rung Spacing Standards Critical?

In accordance to info collected by the U.S. Bureau Of Labor Stats¹, we document much more than twenty,000 ladder-related accidents each 12 months. Most of them are caused by human mistake, and which is why the pertinent governing bodies experienced to phase in to do anything.

They developed standards that would aid decrease those incidences by making sure manufacturers don’t generate ladders with questionable structural integrity. The United States regulatory govt agency that is accountable for setting this kind of expectations is known as the Occupational Safety and Overall health Administration¹ (OSHA).

They’ve always preserved that all ladders ought to have rungs that are spaced 12 inches aside, but they are willing to appear the other way if the spacing is 10–14 inches—not considerably less than 10 or more than fourteen. And that distance should be universal, through the ladder.

Australians and New Zealanders use a 10–12-inch variety. Canadians are also working with some thing similar, but that of the British isles is a little bit stricter—nobody is allowed to promote, market, or use any ladder that has a rung spacing which is significantly less than 9 inches or a lot more than ten inches.

Technician holds the slide ladder with white gloves and blue sleeve
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Are Ladder Rungs Produced of The Very same Substance?

You are probably assuming that all ladders have the identical kind of rungs due to the fact, in your head, you’ve imprinted an impression of the common ladder. In actuality, not all ladders are created of steel or share comparable designs.

Ladders are generally constructed using 1 of three basic supplies: aluminum, fiberglass (fiber-reinforced plastic), or wood. And the rungs can be made of the exact same materials as the facet rails or a various 1. Also, just take observe of the reality that multipurpose ladders have rungs primarily manufactured of fiberglass, and the layout is diverse from the one that will come with your normal ladder.

Rungs made of fiberglass are the very best, as they are not only more powerful than aluminum and wood but also durable. The only purpose why fiberglass is significantly less fascinating to climbers—especially people working on development sites—is because the content is reasonably heavier and not cost-efficient.

professional builder holding a construction ladder
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Are All Ladder Rungs the Very same Condition?

Not all ladder rungs are cylindrical in condition. You can easily uncover iterations that have d-formed rungs, and people that arrive in flats. Round rungs are the most frequent variety, as they are generally discovered in most wood and metal ladders.

However, if your shoes do not have the suitable grip, standing nevertheless on a cylindrical-formed rung may truly feel like a herculean activity. That’s why you are going to discover some of them coated utilizing a sandpaper-like complete or some slip-evidence content that’s effective at avoiding slip-and-tumble incidents.

man carrying a ladder
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Are All Ladder Rungs Rigid?

Rung rigidity has by no means been a aspect taken into thought even though producing ladders. Rigid or not, a well-designed ladder will nevertheless be successful at receiving the task done. If rigidity was an issue, we would not have rope ladders. Employing that variety of ladder will for positive call for a increased level of dexterity, but after you get the hang of it, you’ll be ready to ascend or descend with out breaking a sweat.

Tall extended aluminium professional ladder equipment on building facade
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What Ought to Your Ladder’s Stand-Off Clearance Be?

As per the OSHA regulations, it has to be at the very least seven inches. The stand-off clearance is the obvious distance among the constructing and the rung’s centerline. If there’s an item between individuals two factors, the stand-off clearance must be measured from the object and not the constructing. This length is intended to safeguard the climber from anything at all that could make them excursion even though they are ascending or descending.


The ladder’s rung spacing is a critical metric in identifying how secure a ladder is. It simply cannot be as well vast or also slim since a climber could effortlessly miss a phase, or not be ready to get to 1 although ascending or descending. Make certain your ladder is up to par with the OSHA specifications before making use of it.

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