What Is Maryland’s State Tree? How Was It Decided?

Some of you may possibly know that states have their own flags, mottos, and bouquets. All these items have special cultural and historical significance to every single point out. Even so, did you know that all 50 states also have a state tree? Like flags and bouquets, condition trees have symbolism and historic relevance for each and every point out.

For Maryland, the point out tree is the white oak. If you are curious to discover why Maryland has the white oak for its point out tree, read through on!

What Is a White Oak?

White oaks (Quercus alba) are, without a doubt, an extraordinary tree. Reaching heights in between 50–80 feet, they are typically determined as having wide limb width (equivalent to their top), creating a rounded look. In the summertime, the white oak’s leaves are a dim inexperienced, changing to vibrant orange and red in the autumn. This oak tree also makes large acorn crops, which are an important foodstuff source for scaled-down mammals.

White oaks have tap roots, creating them more difficult to transplant. Even so, the faucet roots enable the white oak to get dampness located deeper underground. Even though this does not make them entirely drought-resistant, their tap roots make them a hardy specimen. White oaks can live for up to five hundred to 600 a long time.

Swamp White Oak Tree
Image Credit: Sean Attilio Learn, Shutterstock

The History of Maryland’s State Tree

White oaks are common close to Maryland’s landscape. But why was a white oak chosen as the condition tree? There is a very good reason! In Talbot County, on the Jap Shore, stood one of the largest white oaks in Maryland’s background. In simple fact, it was the premier living white oak in the nation’s heritage. It was estimated to be more than 500 a long time aged. Standing at 96 ft tall and with a limb spread of 119 ft, it was definitely a sight to behold.

The tree had a lot of ‘owners’ in excess of the generations. The tree was increasing on a piece of land named Wilton and owned by Thomas Williams in 1665. In 1705, Wilton was purchased by Richard Bennett and remained in the Bennett family until finally the finish of the century. In 1797, Wilton land was divided into little tons. The tree was on a lot purchased by Syndenham T. Russum in the mid 1800s. By then, the tree was in excess of three hundred several years previous and starting up to demonstrate its prowess. By the 1900s, the tree was given its title: Wye Oak.

In 1909, Maryland’s 1st condition foresters came to measure the tree, as it had become really popular by this time. Surprisingly, a single of the foresters was named Fred Besley, who was a descendent of Wye Oak’s next operator, Richard Bennett. Wye Oak was nationally identified for its amazing dimensions, hence formally turning into Maryland’s point out tree in 1941.

eastern White Oak tree
Image Credit: TippyTortue, Shutterstock

What Happened to Wye Oak?

Regrettably, Wye Oak is no lengthier standing. On June 6, 2002, its enormous trunk (achieving above 31 toes in circumference) collapsed in the course of a thunderstorm. Many people thought Wye Oak would survive for yet another 100 years or so. It experienced presently dropped a number of limbs because of to extreme climate but remained standing. Regrettably, the thunderstorm in 2002 was also much for the old large. Right after the tree fell, people were ready to see how much it weighed: over 61,000 pounds.

Final Thoughts

Even with the reality that Wye Oak is no longer standing, its legacy lives on. Given that white oaks create loads of acorns and Wye Oak was no distinct. Hundreds of Wye Oak’s acorns were planted throughout the condition and the nation to depict the electrical power of nature.



Featured Picture Credit history: Malachi Jacobs, Shutterstock