How and When to Plant Corn – What You Need To Know!

Corn has been grown and cultivated in North The united states for hundreds of years. Corn on the cob, creamed corn, or popping corn there are practically unlimited factors you can do with corn. Whilst it is mostly grown commercially, several versions are suitable for growing in your backyard.

As prolonged as your climate supplies the warmth corn requirements and you do not plant it whilst there is a chance of frost, most home gardeners can efficiently expand their own corn. If you are planting other things alongside corn, there is a bit of further arranging concerned, even though.

When to Plant Corn

Based on the selection you’re increasing establishes specifically when to plant the corn because there are 3 principal types: early, mid, and late-year harvest.

The early-harvest corn matures the fastest, so you can plant it later in the time. This is advantageous if your climate has a shorter growing season. On the other hand, a late-harvest selection requires the longest to grow, so you can only plant it if the frost is gone in early spring.

No issue what assortment of corn you decide on, they all share a single substantial thing in frequent: they are very prone to frost harm.

As a basic rule, you want to hold out at the very least two weeks soon after the final spring frost day to guarantee all risk of frost right away is long gone. Also, you can make sure the ground is heat sufficient by inserting a black plastic include in excess of the area you are sowing with corn.

If you require to warm the spot, you can actually sow the seeds by means of holes in the plastic and remove the cover when the soil is warm adequate.

Image Credit: Piqsels

Things to Keep in Mind When Planting Corn

  • Because their roots are easily damaged, it’s not recommended that you start your corn plants indoors in pots. However, if that’s the only way to grow them in your climate, then make sure you use biodegradable pots to prevent the need for transplanting.
  • In addition to not liking frost, corn seeds also need the correct soil temperature for germination. Typically the seeds require at least 60° F (16° C) soil. Some varieties need soil temps a few degrees warmer yet. Consult your seeds package to figure out your plant’s needs.
  • There are a couple of things you can do to get an extended harvest. First, you can plant a second crop of corn a week or two after the first round. Or you can also plant different harvest types to spread the corn maturity through most of the growing season.

How to Plant Corn

Other than guaranteeing the timing is appropriate, there isn’t a lot to planting corn.

1. Pre-Moisten Seeds

corn field
Image Credit: Couleur, Pixabay

Some crops do far better if you soak the seeds. With corn, you really do not want to soak them. However, wrapping them in a moist paper towel and inserting them in a plastic bag for a working day before sowing will pace up germination.

2. Sowing the Seeds

Germination rates sit about seventy five% for most corn versions. So, you will want to sow seeds 4–6 inches aside and one.5–2 inches deep. Some gardeners say a tiny bit more, but it is greatest to do whatsoever is advisable on the seed’s bundle. Also, when preparing your yard, plan to hold rows about 3 feet apart.

3. Fertilize

corn cobs
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Corn is a quickly growing plant. When sowing the seeds, it is not a bad thought to use a good quality 10-ten-10 fertilizer. But you can use your judgment on this step. If the soil is healthier, you may be able to skip fertilizer when planting.

4. Water

To germinate and commence their progress, corn needs to be effectively-watered. When you plant the seeds, ensure that you water them well. Really do not go overboard and go away lakes, but you want the soil to be soaked.

Looking After Corn Plants

Here are a couple of items to hold in head as you look right after your new corn plants.


Through its development, corn needs all around an inch of drinking water for every week. Keep in mind when watering to drinking water the soil at the foundation of the plant, not from the prime. Watering from the best can clean away the pollen after the plant grows and flowers.

corn plants
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In addition to being sensitive to transplanting, corn roots are also inclined to weeds. This is especially accurate in the plant’s first month of development. At some point, the roots unfold out, but they have to be nurtured until finally then. Killing weeds speedily and protecting against their progress is critical to your corn thriving.

Pest and Disease

There are several pests to be aware of when it comes to growing corn at home:
  • Cutworms
  • Corn earworms
  • European corn borers
  • Cucumber beetle larvae
  • Seed-corn maggots
  • Birds, raccoons, and other small animals
In addition, there are a couple of diseases that corn is susceptible to:
  • Corn smut
  • Stewart’s wilt

Most of these issues can be avoided with proper backyard treatment and arranging. Even so, they may also need the use of pesticides or herbicides. If that is the scenario, it’s greatest to seek advice from with a local nursery for the very best solution in your predicament.

Sweet Corn
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At some point, your difficult function pays off, and it’s time to enjoy the fruits of your labor. When the corn silks very first seem, wait around about three weeks before you start testing for ripeness. To check, peel back a part of the husk and pinch a kernel. If the liquid that quirts out is milk, they’re all set to decide.

Popular Corn Varieties to Grow

There are many diverse varieties of corn with many hybrid classifications that impact their look, taste, and development. Below are a handful of of the much more popular kinds for the property gardener:

  • Silver Queen: More disease-resistant than other varieties. This variety has white kernels and is a normal-sugar cultivar.
  • Glass Gem: Kids love this ornamental variety for its multi-colored and semi-transparent kernels.
  • Painted Mountain: This ornamental variety’s name comes from its classic maize colors.
  • Luther Hill: This is a dwarf plant variety that produces normal-sugar corn with white kernels.
  • Iochief: This is a mid-season variety that produces nice yellow kernels. The nice thing about a mid-season cultivar is that you can easily do an extended harvest rotation if you start early.

Closing Thoughts

Corn is not a challenging crop to increase as long as the local weather is right. Not only is fresh corn a delicious addition to the supper desk, but some outstanding decorative corn versions appear pretty as nicely. Just bear in mind, no frost and warm soil, and you are well on your way to taking pleasure in your personal harvest of corn!


Featured Picture Credit score: ThamKC, Shutterstock